Melhor apresentação de cada uma das Áreas Científicas das Jornadas:
A DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS MODEL FOR MEASURING EFFICIENCY OF THE YOUTH HOSTEL SECTOR IN ANDALUSIA, SPAIN.
Félix Luis Agabo-Mateos (email@example.com) Universidad de Sevilla
KEY WORDS: Youth Hostels, Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, Management Accounting.
|DOCÊNCIA: METODOLOGIA E EXPERIÊNCIAS DOCENTES|
TEACHING ENTREPRENEURSHIP CONCEPTS AND SKILLS TO PRE-ADOLESCENTS: TOWARDS A MORE EFFECTIVE STRATEGY AND PRACTICE
Carla Susana Marques (firstname.lastname@example.org) Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
In recognition of the need to link more coherently entrepreneurship research and educational practice, this paper describes a teaching and learning experiment conducted with pre-adolescent students, the aim of which was to stimulate children’s creativity and decision-making skills, by means of an innovative and enjoyable entrepreneurship game. The entrepreneurship game helps young students develop in both cognitive and emotional terms, and inculcates in teachers the need to play a different role in this type of teaching and learning process. Furthermore, in addition to helping to instill entrepreneurial values such as creativity and autonomy in children, this approach also exposes them to the key values on which active citizenship is based: dialogue and tolerance, dignity and respect, justice and solidarity. The research contributes to young students becoming better-prepared to evaluate the employment and income-generating opportunities around them, and to take better-informed decisions about their future professional paths.
KEYWORDS: Entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial concepts and skills, educational games, primary and secondary schools
| THE ROLE OF INFORMAL NETWORKS IN FOSTERING ACADEMIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP
A. Padilla-Meléndez (email@example.com) Universidad de Málaga
This empirical study investigates the role of the entrepreneurial networking process for academic entrepreneurship. Network structures were studied to identify the main factors that are related to knowledge transfer and exchange between higher education institutions and industry that either foster or impede academic entrepreneurship. This study concentrates on technology transfer and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities as elements of entrepreneurial processes in the creation of new ventures. Taking stock of previous research on academic entrepreneurship, this study proposes an integrated research framework and extends this framework by using empirical evidence gained from 48 in-depth interviews within science and technology parks in Spain in order to identify the underlying structure of the network and its relevance to the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. The study concludes that university based intermediaries are not central to technology transfer and entrepreneurial opportunities and that formal and also informal relations have an important role to play.
KEYWORDS: Academic entrepreneurship, Spain, networs
|DOES FAMILY CONTROL REDUCE FIRM RISK?
María del Mar Miralles Quirós (firstname.lastname@example.org) University of Extremadura
In the actual context of instability and financial crisis, understanding firm risk is crucial. In this study we aim to assess firm risk differences between family and non-family firms. Furthermore we analyze the family control impact, measured by both the family ownership and the F-PEC scale, in firm risk. We provide new evidence from family firm studies since we not only analyze the risk topic, almost unexplored, but we also introduce the F-PEC scale, an alternative way to measure the family influence. Using Portuguese quoted firms during the 1999-2012 period, we find that family influence and control do not impact firm risk. Moreover, the firm size, return and growth opportunities influence it.
KEYWORDS: Family Firms, family control, F-PEC scale, Firm Risk, Volatility.
| OPÇÃO POR ENDIVIDAMENTO NA ESTRUTURA DE CAPITAL: EVIDÊNCIAS EM FIRMAS BRASILEIRAS
Ariane Firmeza Mota (email@example.com) Universidade Federal do Ceará – UFC
We investigated whether the companies listed on Brazilian capital market, 476 firms in the period 2000-2012, financed their financial deficits by debt. We innovate on the estimate of the financial deficit in the use of the models developed by Shyam – Sunder and Myers (1999) and Frank and Goyal (2003). The relationship between financial deficit and debt variation was tested by estimation using panel data; the hypothesis advocates that existed preponderance statistically significant for the debt financing of the financial deficit. The results point to a rejection of the hypothesis, since the coefficient stood at around 26 %, indicating that only this portion of the financial deficit is financed through increased debt. We could infer that the selection of capital structure by managers of firms in the sample is preferably made as indicated by the theory of cost minimization of informational asymmetry, regarding the resources volume used by firms.
KEYWORDS: Capital structure, Costs of Informational Asymmetry, Debt, Financial deficit.
|GESTÃO DAS ORGANIZAÇÕES SEM FINS LUCRATIVOS|
| INCREASING VALUE IN THE COURT SYSTEM OPERATION – A CASE STUDY
Ana Lúcia Martins (firstname.lastname@example.org) ISCTE-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Courts of Law are widely criticized not for the quality of their decisions but for how long they take to produce and make final decisions available. It is often that once results are available they are no longer relevant, which translates waste in the use of resources. This paper aims at identifying why the flow of legal cases does not produce more value to its final customers and explore ways to make it increase the value provided. Research will be based on a logistics approach and process synchronization. Two case studies are compared, and a random and representative sample of 299 civil summary cases is used. Court cases are analysed both from the perspective of the activities in the legal process and the resources that are used in that process. Statistical analysis is used. Findings show that delays of court cases occurs mainly due to direct human intervention, particularly from the judge the case was assigned to and his staff. Recommendations to improve customer value are provided.
KEYWORDS: Logistics, processes, process synchronization, courts of law, value
| EL TURISMO EN LA SOCIEDAD ACTUAL: DE LA ECONOMÍA DE EXPERIENCIAS AL TURISMO EXPERIENCIAL
Noelia Araújo Vila (email@example.com) Universidad de Vigo
The tourism sector has evolved in a manner parallel to that society has done, adapting to current tastes and consumer trends. The consumer is totally immersed in the current economy experiences, experiences also defendants in the field of tourism. We refer it to a tourist (post-tourist) with high expectations and level of demand, eager to experience new sensations and emotions. Therefore, the traditional tourist classifications and types are not sufficient and we have a constantly evolving industry. Following a review of the scientific literature, “new tourisms” or types of tourisms that have attempted to meet this new demand are shown, most notably those related to culture, tradition, art and folklore, ultimately, the cultural tourism.
KEYWORDS: Tourism, cultural tourism, experiential tourism, post-tourist, experience
|INOVAÇÃO E GESTÃO DO CONHECIMENTO|
| KNOWLEDGE CREATION. THE ON GOING SEARCH FOR STRATEGIC RENEWAL
Marta Peris-Ortiz (firstname.lastname@example.org) Universitat Politècnica de València
This study analyzes particular design variables of a structural nature – liaison position, networked design, innovation teams and work teams- for the creation of new knowledge within the organization. The enablers intention, autonomy, fluctuation and creative chaos, redundancy, variety and trust and commitment from the framework of Nonaka and his collaborators are used as intermediate variables. A general model of relationships is contrasted in a quantitative empirical investigation from a sample of 167 large Spanish companies. This research can help firms to understand and know the changes that may occur in certain organizational design variables for obtaining new knowledge. Equally, new knowledge creation can act as the seed for innovation and, consequently, the driver of change within the firm.
KEYWORDS: knowledge Creation, Innovation, Enablers, Structural Variables.
NOVICE AND EXPERT INTERNET USERS: INFLUENCE OF PRICE DISCOUNTS ON ATTITUDE TOWARD THE BANNER AND WEBSITE
Esmeralda Crespo-Almendros (email@example.com) Universidad de Granada
Due to the increasing number of promotional banners hosted on websites, it is important to study how the use of price discounts may affect attitudes toward the banner and the website, and how this effect may vary depending on the user’s experience of the Internet. This paper endeavors to fill this research gap by conducting an empirical study amongst 226 individuals. The results of this study lead us to conclude that users’ attitudes toward online price discounts exert an influence on their opinion of the host website. Moreover, the findings show that the transfer of affect between the price discount and the website depends on the individual’s experience of using the Internet. Price discount has a direct influence on attitude toward the website when the individual is an ‘expert’ Internet user but not when they are a novice. In the case of novice Internet users, opinion on the discount offered affects opinion about the website indirectly, via attitude toward the banner. The present work discusses a series of conclusions are discussed and sets out the main managerial implications.
KEYWORDS: online price discount, attitude toward the banner; attitude toward the website, attitude toward the sales promotion
|ORGANIZAÇÃO DE EMPRESAS|
| O PAPEL DA HARDINESS E DO ENGAGEMENT NA ADAPTABILIDADE DOS LIDERES MILITARES: ESTUDOS COMPARATIVOS
Maria Verónica de Freitas Pereira (firstname.lastname@example.org) Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa
Higher education taught by the Portuguese Military Academy, has specific characteristics and requirements. Therefore, the adaptation and the permanence in this educational institution is viewed by the students as an extreme challenge that from the emotional point of view, it requires a high level of Hardiness and Engagement, being relevant to understand the extent to which it translates into essential skills for the Satisfaction with Life. Since we are talking about students, it is important to correlate these variables with either the Military Training and Final Academic Classification and with the Academic Qualifications increment of the same. Data were collected from a sample of 477 students from the first four years of education in the Military Academy, using the Hardiness Scale (Mallar & Capitão, 2004), the Scale for Student Engagement (Schaufeli, Martinez, Marques-Pinto, Salanova & Bakker, 2002) and the Satisfaction with L ife Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985).
KEYWORDS: Engagement, Hardiness, Higher Education, Life Satisfaction, Portuguese Military Academy.
RELAÇÃO ENTRE O COMPROMETIMENTO ORGANIZACIONAL E O COMPROMETIMENTO PROFISSIONAL: UM ESTUDO EXPLORATÓRIO REALIZADO COM DOCENTES DO ENSINO SUPERIOR PÚBLICO
Dora de Jesus Guerreiro Figueira (email@example.com) Mestranda na Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas/ Universidade do Algarve, Direção de Serviços de Recursos Humanos
The existence of several kinds of commitment in workplace is well known. However, there are few studies that relate these different commitments or that established deterministic models. This study has explored the relationship between organizational and professional commitment in public higher education teachers according the multidimensional perspective of Meyer and Allen (1991) (affective, normative and calculative), based on a convenience sample of 219 teachers. The proposed models were estimated through structural equation modeling methodology. The Model 1 specified a relationship of direct influence of Professional Commitment on Organizational Commitment and the Model 2 established the opposite relationship of direct influence of organizational commitment on professional commitment. Both models presented a good fit to the data without statistically significant differences between them. Nevertheless, the explicatory power of Model 1 was superior to Model 2, due to the fact that it includes a larger number of determinant relationships that are statistically significant. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed and new directions for future research were identified.
KEYWORDS: Organizational Commitment, Professional Commitment, public higher education teachers.